Mountain of Light
21 September 2015 / Blog
The Koh-i-nor (“Mountain of Light”) is undoubtedly one of the largest and most storied diamonds in the history of mankind. The earliest records of the diamond seem to indicate that it was discovered during the South Indian Kakatiya dynasty. During this time, an ominous legend formed regarding the jewel: the man who owns it brings about his own destruction; but the woman who owns it suffers no consequences. In the early 14th century, the army of Turkic Khilji dynasty raided South India and they took the diamond. Similar raids and conquests saw the Koh-i-nor travel all across the vast continent of Asia. It fell in and out of the hands of several ruthless warlords who always seemed to meet with violent demises. Finally, in the mid-19th century, the British took possession of the diamond during their colonization of Southeast Asia, and the British royal family owns the diamond now.
Characteristics of the Koh-i-nor
The original Mountain of Light diamond does not have an record of its weight, although the earliest weight was recorded at 186 old carats (38.2 g). It had 169 facets and a high dome as well as a flat base. The diamond was a little over an inch and a half long. Many owners in the past were disappointed in the stone’s appearance, and in 1852, Prince Albert decided to polish the diamond. The cutting took 38 days, and the resulting diamond weighed less at 105.6 carats (21.12 g).