Diamond Mining Methods
15 January 2019 / Blog
What are Some Types of Diamond Mines?
Mining a single diamond of one carat requires over 250 tons of earth to be mined. This incredible statistic reflects the great lengths to which humans will go to acquire the diamond. Although diamonds are mined in over 70 countries spanning the entire globe, more than half the world’s diamonds are mined in Africa–and a large portion of those diamonds are taken from the fascinating process known as alluvial mining. Alluvial mining is the process of scratching out diamonds that have been washed along river beds. This i type of diamond mining has been around for at least 2,000 years, and it is also one of the most incredible. The dedication required to find diamonds amongst the muddy residue of the enormous rivers is incredible.
The World’s Biggest Diamond Mines
- Jubilee- An open-pit diamond mine in in Sakha (Yakutia), Republic of Russia. Also known as the Yubileyny diamond mine, it is estimated to contain more than 150 million carats of recoverable diamonds.
- Udachny- The world’s 2nd biggest diamond mine by reserve size. Udachny is also located in the Yakutia region of Russia, and is one of the deepest open pit mines in the world.
- Mir- Underground mining at Mir has been underway since 2009. Located in the Yakutia region of Russia, Mir is the 3rd largest diamond mine in the world.
- Argyle- Located in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Currently transitioning from open pit to underground operations to access diamonds at dept, Argyle has been in production since 1983.