Detonation Synthesis - Heart In Diamond

Though naturally-occurring diamonds are formed deep below the surface of the earth over the course of billions of years, scientists are currently developing increasingly effective -- and oftentimes amazing -- ways of replicating this process in a short time. One of the most impressive discoveries, which garnered a 2012 IG Nobel Peace Prize, was the method of diamond creation known as detonation synthesis.

This process creates tiny “nanodiamonds” by triggering an oxygen-deprived explosion in a controlled chamber. These microscopic gemstones can be used for a wide variety of industrial and medical purposes, ranging from dry lubrication, to thermal filtering, to targeting chemotherapy.