Knowledge of Diamonds
12 November 2018 /
What should you know about diamonds?
Diamonds didn’t become universally popular until the 1800’s, when supply and innovative polishing techniques were improved. The discovery of vast diamond deposits in South Africa turned the gem from something rare that only the wealthy could afford into a jewel that was more affordable to the masses. Diamonds have been a part of human history for thousands of years. The word “diamond” comes from the Greek meaning “untamed” or “unbreakable.” Knowledge of diamonds began in India where they could be found along some of the major rivers. In India, they were used as gemstones and as instruments to carve other tools.
Interesting Facts About Diamonds
Diamonds are almost exclusively made out of carbon. When the carbon atoms bond under the earth’s surface under heat and pressure, a rare and beautiful diamond is formed.
The biggest diamond ever discovered in the world was the Cullinan diamond. Found in South Africa in 1905, it weighed in at almost one and a half pounds, and over 3100 carats.
Not all diamonds are white. In fact, there are different shades of diamonds, from red and blue to black and green.
Diamonds are also used in medical and industrial tools. For instance, some scalpels for surgery contain diamond blades.